Revealing biomarkers associated with PARP inhibitors based on genetic interactions in cancer genome

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Comput Struct Biotechnol J. 2021 Aug 10;19:4435-4446. doi: 10.1016/j.csbj.2021.08.007. eCollection 2021.


Poly (ADPribose) polymerase inhibitors (PARPis) are clinically approved drugs designed according to the concept of synthetic lethality (SL) interaction. It is crucial to expand the scale of patients who can benefit from PARPis, and overcome drug resistance associated with it. Genetic interactions (GIs) include SL and synthetic viability (SV) that participate in drug response in cancer cells. Based on the hypothesis that mutated genes with SL or SV interactions with PARP1/2/3 are potential sensitive or resistant PARPis biomarkers, respectively, we developed a novel computational method to identify them. We analyzed fitness variation of cell lines to identify PARP1/2/3-related GIs according to CRISPR/Cas9 and RNA interference functional screens. Potential resistant/sensitive mutated genes were identified using pharmacogenomic datasets. We identified 41 candidate resistant and 130 candidate sensitive PARPi-response related genes, and observed that EGFR with gain-of-function mutation induced PARPi resistance, and predicted a combination therapy with PARP inhibitor (veliparib) and EGFR inhibitor (erlotinib) for lung cancer. We also revealed that a resistant gene set (TNN, PLEC, and TRIP12) in lower grade glioma and a sensitive gene set (BRCA2, TOP3A, and ASCC3) in ovarian cancer, which were associated with prognosis. Thus, cancer genome-derived GIs provide new insights for identifying PARPi biomarkers and a new avenue for precision therapeutics.

PMID:34471490 | PMC:PMC8379270 | DOI:10.1016/j.csbj.2021.08.007

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