How to treat hyperpigmentation – Times of India

Hyperpigmentation literally means darkening of the skin in an area. There can be several causes for the same. Sun is the main contributor to hyperpigmentation, other causes can be hormonal, and skin trauma like acne, contraceptive use, pregnancy to mention a few.

We can treat and maintain hyperpigmentation. We have various solutions like superficial and deep peels. These solutions contain alpha and beta hydroxy acids, kojic acid, trichloroacetic acid, tranexamic acid that helps to wash out the pigment for the skin. Some of the solutions have to be kept on the face for up to 8 hours. Laser light devices like the Q switched laser can be used to lighten or remove the pigment too.

Treatment like the growth factor injections where in your own blood and blood products are injected in the skin help In pigmentation, scars, and rejuvenation.

Mesotherapy can be done with vitamin C, tranexamic acid, and other lightening and brightening agents either the products can be injected or infused with electroporation, microcurrents or injected into the skin.

This is a non-surgical procedure to rejuvenate and revitalize the skin and hair. It provides the skin or scalp with a special cocktail of nutrients such as hyaluronic acid, vitamins, minerals and amino-acids to boost its appearance significantly. This involves tiny injections on the face, neck or scalp. These are special vitamins and nutrients which not only brighten and enhance skin complexion and radiance but also revive dull, tired skin and increase firmness and elasticity of skin , when used on face and neck. This procedure helps the skin to look plumper, hydrated, radiant, glowing and firmer, after a course of mesotherapy injections.

Silkpeel dermalinfusion is a treatment that uses a diamond tip to exfoliate the skin with infusion of hydrating brightening anti acne agents into the skin with a vacuum suction.

Oral supplements like oral sunscreens, caretonoids , tranexmic acid , vitamin C and glutathione work magic in many cases to clear the pigmentation. A good sunscreen with UVA , UVB and infra red protection is a must and needs to be used regularly. Topical vitamins C should be used regularly as maintenance. Pigmentation can be controlled and in certain cases you can be pigment free but long-term maintenance and good skincare routine is essential for skin s that pigment easily.

In skin that pigment easily avoid direct contact with sun rays, perfumes, loofah or home scrubs.

With inputs from dermatologist Dr Geeta Mehra Fazalbhoy.

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