Characterization and Structural Prediction of ORF10, ORF7b, ORF7a, ORF6, Membrane Glycoprotein, and Envelope Protein in SARS-CoV-2 Bangladeshi Variant through Bioinformatics Approach

Abstract

The acute respiratory disease induced by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has become a global epidemic in just less than a year by the first half of 2020. The subsequent efficient human-to-human transmission of this virus eventually affected millions of people worldwide. The most devastating thing is that the infection rate is continuously uprising and resulting in significant mortality especially among the older age population and those with health comorbidities.This enveloped, positive-sense RNA virus is chiefly responsible for the infection of the upper respiratory system. The virulence of the SARS-CoV-2 is mostly regulated by its proteins like entry to the host cell through fusion mechanism, fusion of infected cells with neighboring uninfected cells to spread the virus, inhibition of host gene expression, cellular differentiation, apoptosis, mitochondrial biogenesis, etc. But very little is known about the protein structures and functionalities. Therefore, the main purpose of this study is to learn more about these proteins through bioinformatics approaches. In this study, ORF10, ORF7b, ORF7a, ORF6, membrane glycoprotein, and envelope protein have been selected from a Bangladeshi Coronavirus strain G039392 and a number of bioinformatics tools MEGA-X-V10.1.7 PONDR, ProtScale, ProtParam, SCRIBER NetSurfP v2.0, IntFOLD UCSF Chimera and PyMol) and strategies were implemented for multiple sequence alignment and phylogeny analysis with 9 different variants, predicting hydropathicity, amino acid compositions, protein binding propensity, protein disorders, 2D and 3D protein modeling. Selected proteins were characterized as highly flexible, structurally and electrostatically extremely stable, ordered, biologically active, hydrophobic, and closely related to the proteins of different variants. This detailed information regarding the characterization and structure of proteins of SARS-CoV-2 Bangladeshi variant was performed for the first time ever to unveil the deep mechanism behind the virulence features and also, this robust appraisal paves the future way for molecular docking, vaccine development targeting these characterized proteins.

Competing Interest Statement

The authors have declared no competing interest.

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