Stockholm, Oct 6 (UrduPoint / Pakistan Point News – 6th Oct, 2021 ) :Here is a list of Nobel Chemistry prize winners over the past 10 years, ahead of the announcement of this year’s award on Wednesday: 2020: Emmanuelle Charpentier (France) and Jennifer Doudna (US), for developing the gene-editing technique known as the CRISPR-Cas9 DNA snipping “scissors”.
2017: Jacques Dubochet (Switzerland), Joachim Frank (US) and Richard Henderson (Britain), for cryo-electron microscopy, a method for imaging tiny, frozen molecules.
2015: Tomas Lindahl (Sweden), Paul Modrich (US) and Aziz Sancar (Turkey-US) for work on how cells repair damaged DNA.
2014: Eric Betzig (US), William Moerner (US) and Stefan Hell (Germany) for the development of super-high-resolution fluorescence microscopy.
2013: Martin Karplus (US-Austria), Michael Levitt (US-Britain) and Arieh Warshel (US-Israel) for devising computer models to simulate chemical processes.
2012: Robert Lefkowitz (US) and Brian Kobilka (US) for studies of G-protein-coupled cell receptors.
2011: Daniel Shechtman (Israel) for the discovery of quasicrystals.
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