Microbial identification of bovine milk isolates compared between conventional culture, MALDITOF and 16S rRNA

Microbial identification of bovine milk isolates compared between conventional culture, MALDITOF and 16S rRNA
21st International Conference on Food Technology & Processing
October 04-06, 2018 | London, UK

David J Wilson, John R Middleton, Pamela R F Adkins and Gregory M Goodell

Utah State University, USA
University of Missouri, USA
The Dairy Authority LLC, USA

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Food Process Technol


The objective of this study was to compare conventional microbial culture, MALDI-TOF (Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption
Ionization – Time Of Flight) and 16S rRNA partial genomic sequencing methods for microbial identification in quarter
milk samples from dairy cattle. The same microbial colonies were tested using each method. There is no agreed gold standard
for true positive microbial identification. Therefore, this was a study of test agreement, not sensitivity or specificity; the latter
calculations require true disease status. All 181 bacterial isolates were tested by culture and MALDI-TOF and 179 were tested
by 16S rRNA because two isolates were lost during storage before the latter test was performed. For Staphylococcus aureus and
Escherichia coli agreement was to the species level in accordance with conventional culture. For all other microbes, agreement
was defined to the genus level or within the group defined as streptococcal like organisms in keeping with culture and accepted
industry practices. All samples were mycoplasma negative. Overall agreement in identification of microbes between all
three diagnostic methods was 94% (169/179). Agreement between MALDI-TOF and 16S rRNA was 98% (176/179); culture
agreement with each of the other two methods was 95%. Specific microbes were identified with agreement among all three
methods ranging from 97% to 100% all classified very good by the Kappa test. Many members of the dairy industry are used
to either bacteriological culture or MALDI-TOF for routine mastitis pathogen diagnosis and there is interest in the agreement
between the methods. These results suggest that either method is of practical value. At present 16S rRNA testing is primarily a
research tool but it showed high agreement with the other methods. For purposes of milk quality and udder health monitoring
any of the three methods are valuable tools for the dairy industry.

Biography :

E-mail: [email protected]


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