New Arylazo-Based (Chromene-Thiazole) Hybrids as Potential MRSA Inhibitors

A three-component protocol was established to efficiently synthesize (chromene-thiazole) and related arylazo analogs in good to excellent yields. The desired products were prepared by reacting the appropriate salicylaldehydes, 2-cyanothioacetamide, and chloroacetone or hydrazonyl chlorides. Using piperidine as a mediator in ethanol at 80 °C for 4-6 h, the three-component protocol produce the target hybrids in 87-96 % yields. The newly synthesized products showed a broad range of antibacterial activity. The addition of an arylazo unit at the chromene-C6 position significantly improved the antibacterial activity, while the impact of adding an arylazo group at the thiazole-C5 position varied based on the electronic characteristics of the para-substituted arene unit. Generally, series that is linked to two arylazo units, one at chromene-C6 and the other at thiazole-C5, showed the best activity. Some new hybrids showed effective antibacterial activity than ciprofloxacin with MIC/MBC values up to 1.9/3.9 μM against S. aureus and E. coli. Additionally, they demonstrated better effectiveness against MRSA ATCC:33591 and ATCC:43300 compared to linezolid, with MIC/MBC values up to 4.0/16.1 and 3.9/15.6 μM, respectively. The data predicted for the physicochemical properties, lipophilicity, pharmacokinetics, and drug-likeness of new arylazo-based chromene-thiazole hybrids evaluated by SwissADME. As a result of the above, products that are linked to two arylazo units can be considered drug-like scaffolds.


Keywords:

Chromene; MRSA inhibitory activity; Multicomponent reactions; Thiazole; in vitro antibacterial activity.

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