Tag: ATG

Antarctic aldehyde dehydrogenase from Flavobacterium PL002 as a potent catalyst for acetaldehyde determination in wine

Sequence analysis of S2-ALDH BLAST screening of the Flavobacterium PL002 genome sequence42 led to identification of a coding region homologous to aldehyde dehydrogenase gene (1365 bp) coding for the hypothetical enzyme S2-ALDH of 454 amino acids, with calculated MW 49,062 (Supplementary Fig. 1S). Phylogenetic analysis of the S2-ALDH amino acid sequence in…

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How to read the AUGUSTUS results

Hi, everyone. I used AUGUSTUS to make a genetic prediction for a certain fish, but I don’t know how to read the results. I mainly do not understand the following three points. 1.What does “sequence number” mean? How is it different from scaffold number? 2.What does “none” mean? Does it…

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Which is a stop codon?

A stop codon is a sequence of three nucleotides (a trinucleotide) in DNA or messenger RNA (mRNA) that signals a halt to protein synthesis in the cell. There are 64 different trinucleotide codons: 61 specify amino acids and 3 are stop codons (i.e., UAA, UAG and UGA). What are the…

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Dynamic mechanisms of CRISPR interference by Escherichia coli CRISPR-Cas3

In vitro reconstitution of Escherichia coli CRISPR-Cas3 interference E. coli CRISPR-Cas3 is generally well-characterized type I CRISPR complexes in vitro and in vivo32,33,37,38. However, recombinant EcoCas3 protein is difficult to purify because of poor solubility and propensity to aggregate at 37 °C25,26,30,39. Co-expression of HtpG chaperon40 and/or low temperature growth at…

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Using RFLP-PCR, Mini Sequencing and STR Techniques in Preimplantation Diagnosis of Spinal Muscular Dystrophy in Vietnam

Background: Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) is one of the most common autosomal recessive disorders in children after Duchenne muscular dystrophy affecting approximately 1 in 11,000 live births. There is no effective therapy for SMA; however, broadening our knowledge about the molecular genetics of the disease is resultant to develop potential…

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Frontiers | A Mutated Nme1Cas9 Is a Functional Alternative RNase to Both LwaCas13a and RfxCas13d in the Yeast S. cerevisiae

Introduction The clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)–CRISPR-associated (Cas) protein systems naturally exist in prokaryotes. They are RNA-mediated defense mechanisms to protect bacteria and archaea from invading nucleic acids (Barrangou et al., 2007). CRISPR–Cas systems are classified into two classes (1 and 2). Class 2 CRISPR–Cas require a single…

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Binding of the HSF-1 DNA-binding domain to multimeric C. elegans consensus HSEs is guided by cooperative interactions

The heat-shock response is represented by a small set of genes in C. elegans We initially aimed at identifying those HSE-containing promoters that are most strongly upregulated under heat-stress conditions. Given that the HSR is complex in nematodes we used data from several heat-shock studies based on microarray and RNAseq…

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CALITHERA BIOSCIENCES, INC. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS (form 10-Q)

You should read the following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations in conjunction with our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes included in Part I, Item 1 of this report. This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of…

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Generation of Hook Ischemia-Reperfusion Model using a Three-Day Developing Chick Embryo

This paper describes ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) modeling in a 3-day chick embryo using a spinal needle customized hook to better understand I/R development and treatment. This model is simple, quick, and inexpensive. Hi, I am Dr.Syed Shadab Raza, the principal investigator for the Laboratory for Stem Cells and Restorative Neurology, located…

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Profiling and functional characterization of maternal mRNA translation during mouse maternal-to-zygotic transition

INTRODUCTION Mammalian life starts with the fusion of two terminally differentiated gametes, sperm and oocyte, resulting in a totipotent zygote. After going through preimplantation development, the zygote reaches blastocyst before implantation. The two most important events taking place during preimplantation development are zygotic genome activation (ZGA) and the first cell…

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Complete mitochondrial genome sequencing of Oxycarenus laetus (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae) from two geographically distinct regions of India

Genome organization and structure of O. laetus The MiSeq data of BTI and CBE samples of O. laetus was submitted to the NCBI SRA database under the accession numbers SRR11024516 and SRR11024517, respectively. The study was done to understand whether there exists a different species of the genus Oxycarenus similar…

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High tumor mutation burden and DNA repair gene mutations

Introduction Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)‑fusion genes represent a small but important part of oncogenic driver mutations in NSCLC, accounting for approximately 3%‑7% of all cases worldwide.1,2 Small molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are the standard therapy for ALK-rearranged NSCLC. Crizotinib, a first-generation TKI, is the most widely used targeted drug…

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mitochondrial dna damage triggers an ifn mediated immune response

2.6 Mitochondrial Damage-Induced Mitochondrial DNA Release is Central to Chronic Kidney Disease-Induced Type-I-Interferon Response in Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells DNA released from nuclear or mitochondria is the main source of endogenous DNA that activates cGAS-STING pathway. This is thought to be mediated by the presence 75 of leaked mitochondrial DNA…

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Prevalence and Molecular Characteristics Based on Whole Genome Sequenc

Introduction Tuberculosis, caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, remains one of the top 10 causes of death worldwide and the leading cause of death from a single infectious agent (ranking above HIV/AIDS).1 In 2020, World Health Organization (WHO) reported that 7.1 million people with tuberculosis were newly diagnosed and notified in 2019,…

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