Tag: biorender

Dual roles of mTORC1-dependent activation of the ubiquitin-proteasome system in muscle proteostasis

Sustained skeletal muscle mTORC1 activity upregulates the ubiquitin proteasome system To understand the molecular mechanisms causing atrophy in muscles with high mTORC1 activation, we first analyzed the transcriptome of the fast-type extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscle in 3-month-old TSCmKO mice6. A short-term (3 day) treatment with rapamycin was used to…

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Genomic signatures associated with maintenance of genome stability and venom turnover in two parasitoid wasps

Genomic features of two Anastatus wasps, A. japonicus and A. fulloi We employed PacBio high-fidelity (HiFi) long-read sequencing and Illumina short-read sequencing technologies to generate high-quality contigs for two Anastatus wasps, A. japonicus and A. fulloi (Supplementary Tables 1 and 2). These contigs were further scaffolded using Hi-C libraries to…

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Chimeric antigen receptor T cell therapy for cancer: clinical applications and practical considerations

Joseph E Maakaron, assistant professor of medicine, Marie Hu, assistant professor of medicine, Najla El Jurdi, assistant professor of medicine University of Minnesota Twin Cities, Minneapolis, United States Correspondence to: maaka001{at}umn.edu Abstract Chimeric antigen receptor T cells have revolutionized the treatment of hematological malignancies during the past five years, boasting…

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Efficient genome editing in wild strains of mice using the i-GONAD method

Mice A laboratory strain B6 was purchased from CLEA Japan Inc. (Tokyo, Japan), while nine wild strains (BFM/2, BLG2, CHD, HMI, KJR, MSM, NJL, PGN2, and SWN) were bred at NIG (Shizuoka, Japan) (Table 1). All mice were maintained at the animal facility in NIG, under specific-pathogen-free conditions and controlled…

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A new approach produces a 90-fold increase in

Article Highlight | 15-Jun-2022 Researchers leverage viruses identified from worldwide environmental samples to expand knowledge of viral taxa and their role in tree microbiomes DOE/US Department of Energy image: Analysis of metatranscriptome samples with novel viral taxa in Populus. (Top) Graphical abstract of the pipeline. (Bottom) Percentage read classification with novel…

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Bio-informatic analysis of CRISPR protospacer adjacent motifs (PAMs) in T4 genome | BMC Genomic Data

The clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats-Cas (CRISPR-Cas) defensive system is an acquired mechanism in prokaryotes which is analogous to RNAi in eukaryotes [1]. The CRISPR machinery is a complex immune strategy that is continually evolving in the bacterial genome to accommodate the rapid changes in the nucleic acids of…

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cfDNA-Based NGS IG Analysis in Lymphoma

Circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) is fragmented extracellular DNA, which is released from apoptotic and necrotic cells in small fragments of <200 bp [1]. cfDNA is typically isolated from the blood stream; however, it is also possible to detect cfDNA in other biological fluids such as urine or cerebrospinal fluid [2, 3,…

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Engineering and validation of a dual luciferase reporter system for quantitative and systematic assessment of regulatory sequences in Chinese hamster ovary cells

Experimental workflow and vector designs One way to validate the all-in-one reporter system is through transient or stable transfection of mammalian cells. Within this framework, the schematics in Fig. 1 illustrate the overall workflow of this study and feature the characteristics of promoters. To summarize, the study involves the engineering and…

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Type I Interferon Response Is Mediated by NLRX1-cGAS-STING Signaling in Brain Injury

doi: 10.3389/fnmol.2022.852243. eCollection 2022. Lauren E Fritsch  1 , Jing Ju  2 , Erwin Kristobal Gudenschwager Basso  3 , Eman Soliman  3 , Swagatika Paul  4 , Jiang Chen  2 , Alexandra M Kaloss  3 , Elizabeth A Kowalski  3 , Taylor C Tuhy  5 , Rachana Deven Somaiya  1 , Xia Wang  3 , Irving Coy Allen  3 , Michelle H…

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Development of Cas12a-Based Cell-Free Small-Molecule Biosensors via Allosteric Regulation of CRISPR Array Expression

In nature, microbes have evolved different systems to sense external stimuli. Synthetic biology approaches (1) repurpose these systems as biosensors to specifically and sensitively detect various targets of interest. Although various highly sensitive and specific laboratory-based analytical methods (including high-performance liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry) can detect small-molecule targets, they…

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Precision Control of Culture Conditions for Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells

By Sally Temple The Nobel Prize–winning discovery that mature, specialized cells can be reprogrammed to lend them pluripotency (that is, the ability to develop into all tissues of the body) unleashed vast potential in the fields of disease modeling, drug screening, regenerative medicine, and wound healing. The reprogrammed cells are…

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CRISPR-Cas9 Mediated Exonic Disruption for HIV-1 Elimination

Abstract Background A barrier to HIV-1 cure rests in the persistence of proviral DNA in infected CD4+ leukocytes. The high HIV-1 mutation rate leads to viral diversity, immune evasion, and consequent antiretroviral drug resistance. While CRISPR-spCas9 can eliminate latent proviral DNA, its efficacy is limited by HIV strain diversity and…

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Shaping modern human skull through epigenetic, transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulation of the RUNX2 master bone gene

Study of RUNX2 locus in modern and ancient humans The sequences of the RUNX2 locus (Chr6:45,318,000–45,670,000 hg38, for a total of 352.000 bases) have been aligned in AMH and ancient species’ (Neandertal and Denisovan) genomes to map the changes occurred during recent evolution. We have identified 459 and 470 changes…

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Genetic Factors Affecting Precision Pain Medicine

Introduction The overarching definition of precision pain medicine is that diagnosis and treatment can be customized to an individual’s specific risk profile.1,2 At its most basic, the ideology is based on using all available patient-level data to target therapies for that individual with regard to prediction, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment…

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free online tools to build scientific figures/tables for journal/thesis

free online tools to build scientific figures/tables for journal/thesis 0 Dear All, What are some free and good online tools/websites to prepare scientific illustrations for publications/thesis and presentations ?I have heard of BioRender and google gives quite an extensive list. Thank you illustrations scientific figures • 31 views • link…

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