Tag: EDTA

A cell-based phenotypic library selection and screening approach for the de novo discovery of novel functional chimeric antigen receptors

Cell lines and culture Unless stated otherwise, all tumor target cell lines were sourced from the ATCC via LGC Standards. Human endogenous mesothelin (MSLN)-positive target cell lines H-226 (lung carcinoma, MSLN+, ATCC® CRL-5826™) and AsPC-1 (ATCC CRL-1682), and MSLN-negative Raji control cells (ATCC CCL-86) were cultured in RPMI-1640 Glutamax (Life Technologies,…

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A Clinical and Immunohistochemical Study

Diffuse large B cell lymphoma is the most common type of lymphoma in Egypt with an unfavorable prognosis. The tumor microenvironment is rich in immune response either T cells or macrophages. The current study is aimed at testing CD4, CD8, CD68, and MMP9 immunohistochemistry of DLBCL activities with the prognosis…

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RNA polymerase II trapped on a molecular treadmill: Structural basis of persistent transcriptional arrest by a minor groove DNA binder

Significance Hairpin pyrrole-imidazole (Py-Im) polyamides can be programmed to bind a broad repertoire of DNA sequences. Py-Im small molecules can be used to target cancer-specific coding regions and block transcription elongation. This transcription blockage by Py-Im cannot be rescued by transcription elongation factors, such as TFIIS. The mechanism by which…

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The role of ATXR6 expression in modulating genome stability and transposable element repression in Arabidopsis

Significance The plant-specific H3K27me1 methyltransferases ATXR5 and ATXR6 play integral roles connecting epigenetic silencing with genomic stability. However, how H3K27me1 relates to these processes is poorly understood. In this study, we performed a comprehensive transcriptome analysis of tissue- and ploidy-specific expression in a hypomorphic atxr5/6 mutant and revealed that the…

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Toll-like receptor 2/4 in Chinese patients with sepsis

Introduction Sepsis is a life-threatening organ dysfunction that results from an exaggerated host immune response to disseminate infection.1 Despite improvements in treatment strategies, sepsis remains a leading cause of death in critically ill patients worldwide.2 Low platelet number, known as thrombocytopenia, is common in infectious diseases (also sometimes referred to…

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Phospholipase A2 inhibitor and LY6/PLAUR domain-containing protein PINLYP regulates type I interferon innate immunity

Significance Interferon (IFN)-mediated antiviral responses serve as the first line of the host innate immune defense against viral infection. Here we identify a previously uncharacterized protein designated phospholipase A2 inhibitor and LY6/PLAUR domain-containing protein (PINLYP), which is essential for embryonic development and plays an important role in type I IFN…

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Rapid In Vivo Fixation and Isolation of Translational Complexes from Eukaryotic Cells

The workflow consists of growing cells in strictly controlled environmental conditions, rapidly chilling them using melting water/ice and fixing with pre-optimized concentration of formaldehyde and incubation time. The fixation reaction is then quenched using excess of primary amino group-containing compounds, such as glycine or tryps. Cells are collected, washed and…

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10q26 FGFR2 Break Apart FISH Probe Kit

1 0q26 FGFR2 Break Apart FISH Probe Kit For Research Use Only Not for Use in Diagnostic Procedures 0q26 FGFR2 Break Apart FISH Probe Kit 09N /R2 Key to Symbols Used 09N /R2 Reference Number Lot Number Global Trade Item Number Centromere D0S294 0q26. Region FGFR2 5 ATE SHGC-529 Telomere…

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Circulating mitochondrial DNA copy numbers represent a sensitive marker for diagnosis and monitoring of disease activity in systemic lupus erythematosus

Objectives: Cell-free DNA is involved in the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) but the clinical value of cell-free DNA measurements in SLE is unknown. Our aim was therefore to examine the utility of mitochondrial (mt) DNA and nuclear (n) DNA quantification in SLE. Methods: EDTA plasma was drawn from…

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Epistasis shapes the fitness landscape of an allosteric specificity switch

Computational design Protein modeling and design was performed with Rosetta version 3.5 (2015.19.57819)35,37. Python and shell scripts for generating input from Rosetta and analyzing from Rosetta are available at: github.com/raman-lab/biosensor_design The high-resolution TtgR structure co-crystalized with tetracycline was selected as the starting point for computational design (PDB: 2UXH)28. The structure…

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Selection of DNA Aptamers Recognizing EpCAM-Positive Prostate Cancer b

Introduction Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the most common genitourinary system malignant tumor in men worldwide. In Asian countries, many patients with PCa are often diagnosed at an advanced stage maybe mostly because of a large population base with relatively backward economic development and imperfect cancer screening system of…

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MYO10 drives genomic instability and inflammation in cancer

INTRODUCTION Genomic instability often refers to the existence of a variety of DNA alterations, ranging from single nucleotide changes (such as base substitution, deletion, and insertion) to chromosomal rearrangements (e.g., gain or loss of a segment or the whole chromosome) (1). Loss of genome stability can lead to early onset…

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High frequency of an otherwise rare phenotype in a small and isolated tiger population

Significance Small and isolated populations have low genetic variation due to founding bottlenecks and genetic drift. Few empirical studies demonstrate visible phenotypic change associated with drift using genetic data in endangered species. We used genomic analyses of a captive tiger pedigree to identify the genetic basis for a rare trait,…

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PacBio sequencing output increased through uniform and directional fivefold concatenation

Strategy and design of the method We sought to develop a simple method to increase the sequencing capability of PacBio CCS to sequence several diverse DNA libraries ~ 870 bp in length that encoded protein variants originating from a directed evolution campaign. To achieve an increase in the throughput of a PacBio sequencing…

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Prevalence and Molecular Characteristics Based on Whole Genome Sequenc

Introduction Tuberculosis, caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, remains one of the top 10 causes of death worldwide and the leading cause of death from a single infectious agent (ranking above HIV/AIDS).1 In 2020, World Health Organization (WHO) reported that 7.1 million people with tuberculosis were newly diagnosed and notified in 2019,…

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Helicobacter pylori in Pakistan | IDR

Introduction Helicobacter pylori, an infectious agent of human chronic active gastritis and also associated with other gastric ailments such as peptic ulcer, gastric cancer, and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma.1 Clarithromycin is considered the best option among other antibiotics for the management of this bacterial infection.2 However, increasing resistance against this…

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