Tag: GAPDH

Novel diagnostic biomarkers for keloid based on GEO database

Introduction Keloid is excessive fibrosis of the skin that extends beyond the area of injury and does not regress.1 Keloid can occur in the joints and mouth after several years of severe injury, including burns, chemical injury, wound, and surgical incision.2 Keloids on the joints affect the quality of life,…

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The direction of your DNA may be as important as which parent it came from

Fig. 1: H19 gene expression was derepressed on the paternally inherited inverted-ICR allele in fetal livers but not in placentas. a Breeding scheme. In order to distinguish parental origin of the alleles by using SNPs between inbred mouse strains, inverted-ICR heterozygous male mice (WT/INV; C57BL/6J [B6] background) were mated with…

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Phospholipase A2 inhibitor and LY6/PLAUR domain-containing protein PINLYP regulates type I interferon innate immunity

Significance Interferon (IFN)-mediated antiviral responses serve as the first line of the host innate immune defense against viral infection. Here we identify a previously uncharacterized protein designated phospholipase A2 inhibitor and LY6/PLAUR domain-containing protein (PINLYP), which is essential for embryonic development and plays an important role in type I IFN…

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Sod1 integrates oxygen availability to redox regulate NADPH production and the thiol redoxome

Significance Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (Sod1) is a key antioxidant enzyme, and its importance is underscored by the fact that its ablation in cell and animal models results in oxidative stress; metabolic defects; and reductions in cell proliferation, viability, and lifespan. Curiously, Sod1 detoxifies superoxide radicals (O2•−) in a manner that…

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p57 Suppresses the Pluripotency and Proliferation of Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells by Positively Regulating p53 Activation

Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are pluripotent stem cells that have indefinite self-renewal capacities under appropriate culture conditions in vitro. The pluripotency maintenance and proliferation of these cells are delicately governed by the concert effect of a complex transcriptional regulatory network. Herein, we discovered that p57Kip2 (p57), a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor…

Continue Reading p57 Suppresses the Pluripotency and Proliferation of Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells by Positively Regulating p53 Activation

Prognosis Biomarkers via WGCNA in HCC

Introduction According to the cancer statistics reported in 2020, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the main type of Primary Carcinoma of the Liver and the second leading causes of cancer-related death globally, with a five-year survival rate < 20%.1 Currently, surgical resection, a standard therapy for HCC, contributes to the prognosis…

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Characterization and expression of DNA sequences encoding the growth hormone gene in African Pygmy Mouse (Mus minutoides)

Abstract We determined the nucleotide sequence of the growth hormone (Gh) gene in Mus minutoides, one of the smallest mammals, where was predicted to be distinct in the functional regions between M. minutoides and Mus musculus. To investigate the evolutionary characteristics of Gh in M. minutoides, we constructed a phylogenetic…

Continue Reading Characterization and expression of DNA sequences encoding the growth hormone gene in African Pygmy Mouse (Mus minutoides)

Defects in 8-oxo-guanine repair pathway cause high frequency of C > A substitutions in neuroblastoma

Significance The collection of large amounts of whole-genome sequencing data allowed for identification of mutational signatures, which are characteristic combinations of substitutions in the context of neighboring bases. The clinical significance of these mutational signatures is still largely unknown. In neuroblastoma, we showed that high levels of cytosine > adenine…

Continue Reading Defects in 8-oxo-guanine repair pathway cause high frequency of C > A substitutions in neuroblastoma

High-purity production and precise editing of DNA base editing ribonucleoproteins

Abstract Ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complex–mediated base editing is expected to be greatly beneficial because of its reduced off-target effects compared to plasmid- or viral vector–mediated gene editing, especially in therapeutic applications. However, production of recombinant cytosine base editors (CBEs) or adenine base editors (ABEs) with ample yield and high purity in…

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Pericentromeric noncoding RNA changes DNA binding of CTCF and inflammatory gene expression in senescence and cancer

Significance During the aging process, senescent cells secrete inflammatory factors, causing various age-related pathologies. Thus, controlling the senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP) can tremendously benefit human health. Although SASP seems to be induced by the alteration of chromosomal organization, its underlying mechanism remains unclear. Here, it has been revealed that noncoding…

Continue Reading Pericentromeric noncoding RNA changes DNA binding of CTCF and inflammatory gene expression in senescence and cancer