Tag: LIU

Valine feeding reduces ammonia production through rearrangement of metabolic fluxes in central carbon metabolism of CHO cells

Aghamohseni H, Ohadi K, Spearman M, Krahn N, Moo-Young M, Scharer JM, Butler M, Budman HM (2014) Effects of nutrient levels and average culture pH on the glycosylation pattern of camelid-humanized monoclonal antibody. J Biotechnol 186:98–109. doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiotec.2014.05.024 CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar  Altamirano C, Illanes A, Casablancas A, Gámez X,…

Continue Reading Valine feeding reduces ammonia production through rearrangement of metabolic fluxes in central carbon metabolism of CHO cells

Failure to detect mutations in U2AF1 due to changes in the GRCh38 reference sequence

Materials and Methods Genomic data was collected as part of the MDS National History Study or The Cancer Genome Atlas project and consented appropriately under those protocols 8 Sekeres M.A. Gore S.D. Stablein D.M. DiFronzo N. Abel G.A. DeZern A.E. Troy J.D. Rollison D.E. Thomas J.W. Waclawiw M.A. Liu J.J….

Continue Reading Failure to detect mutations in U2AF1 due to changes in the GRCh38 reference sequence

Long non-coding RNA MSTRG.81401 short hairpin RNA relieves diabetic neuropathic pain and behaviors of depression by inhibiting P2X4 receptor expression in type 2 diabetic rats

1. Nicodemus JM, Enriquez C, Marquez A, Anaya CJ, Jolivalt CG (2017) Murine model and mechanisms of treatment-induced painful diabetic neuropathy. Neuroscience 354:136–145. doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroscience.2017.04.036 CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar  2. Morimoto SS, Kanellopoulos D, Manning KJ, Alexopoulos GS (2015) Diagnosis and treatment of depression and cognitive impairment in late life….

Continue Reading Long non-coding RNA MSTRG.81401 short hairpin RNA relieves diabetic neuropathic pain and behaviors of depression by inhibiting P2X4 receptor expression in type 2 diabetic rats

FDA Grants Regenerative Medicine Advanced Therapy, Fast Track Designations to Novel CAR T-Cell Therapy for Relapsed, Refractory B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

C-CAR039 showed positive efficacy and safety data in patients with relapsed or refractory B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Officials with the FDA have granted both Regenerative Medicine Advanced Therapy (RMAT) Designation and Fast Track Designation to C-CAR039, a novel autologous bi-specific chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy, for the treatment of patients…

Continue Reading FDA Grants Regenerative Medicine Advanced Therapy, Fast Track Designations to Novel CAR T-Cell Therapy for Relapsed, Refractory B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

Immune-related Prognostic Genes of ccRCC

Introduction Kidney cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed tumors around the globe.1 According to the statistics from the World Health Organization, annually, there are more than 140,000 RCC-related deaths.2 ccRCC is the most typical subtype of kidney cancer and contributes to the majority of kidney cancer-related deaths.3,4 Until…

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The Genetic Architecture of Sleep Health Scores in the UK

Introduction Sleep is a complex neurological and physiological state. It is defined as a natural and reversible state of reduced responsiveness to external stimuli and relative inactivity, accompanied by a loss of consciousness.1 Sleep disorders can be classified as seven major categories: insomnia disorders, sleep-related breathing disorders, central disorders of…

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Identification of differentially expressed genes in AF

Defeng Pan,1,* Yufei Zhou,2,* Shengjue Xiao,1,* Yue Hu,3,* Chunyan Huan,1 Qi Wu,1 Xiaotong Wang,1 Qinyuan Pan,1 Jie Liu,1 Hong Zhu1 1Department of Cardiology, The Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou, Jiangsu, 221004, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Cardiology, Shanghai Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Zhongshan Hospital and Institutes of…

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Mendelian randomization analyses support causal relationships between blood metabolites and the gut microbiome

1. Wang, J. & Jia, H. Metagenome-wide association studies: fine-mining the microbiome. Nat. Rev. Microbiol. 14, 508–522 (2016). CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar  2. Moschen, A. R. et al. Lipocalin 2 protects from inflammation and tumorigenesis associated with gut microbiota alterations. Cell Host Microbe 19, 455–469 (2016). CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar …

Continue Reading Mendelian randomization analyses support causal relationships between blood metabolites and the gut microbiome

Comparative de novo transcriptome analysis identifies salinity stress responsive genes and metabolic pathways in sugarcane and its wild relative Erianthus arundinaceus [Retzius] Jeswiet

1. Singh, A. et al. Phytochemical profile of sugarcane and its potential health aspects. Pharmacogn. Rev. 9, 45–54 (2015). CAS  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar  2. Eggleston, G. Positive aspects of cane sugar and sugar cane derived products in food and nutrition. J. Agric. Food Chem. 66, 4007–4012 (2018). CAS …

Continue Reading Comparative de novo transcriptome analysis identifies salinity stress responsive genes and metabolic pathways in sugarcane and its wild relative Erianthus arundinaceus [Retzius] Jeswiet

Phospholipase A2 inhibitor and LY6/PLAUR domain-containing protein PINLYP regulates type I interferon innate immunity

Significance Interferon (IFN)-mediated antiviral responses serve as the first line of the host innate immune defense against viral infection. Here we identify a previously uncharacterized protein designated phospholipase A2 inhibitor and LY6/PLAUR domain-containing protein (PINLYP), which is essential for embryonic development and plays an important role in type I IFN…

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Bioconductor – ChIPQC

    This package is for version 3.1 of Bioconductor; for the stable, up-to-date release version, see ChIPQC. Quality metrics for ChIPseq data Bioconductor version: 3.1 Quality metrics for ChIPseq data Author: Tom Carroll, Wei Liu, Ines de Santiago, Rory Stark Maintainer: Tom Carroll <tc.infomatics at gmail.com>, Rory Stark <rory.stark…

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Bioinformatics analysis of long non-coding RNA-associated competing endogenous RNA network in schizophrenia

1. Marder, S. R. & Cannon, T. D. Schizophrenia. N. Engl. J. Med. 381, 1753–1761. doi.org/10.1056/NEJMra1808803 (2019). Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar  2. Keshavan, M. S. et al. Neuroimaging in Schizophrenia. Neuroimaging Clin. N. Am. 30, 73–83. doi.org/10.1016/j.nic.2019.09.007 (2020). Article  PubMed  Google Scholar  3. McCutcheon, R. A., Reis Marques, T….

Continue Reading Bioinformatics analysis of long non-coding RNA-associated competing endogenous RNA network in schizophrenia

GeneTonic: an R/Bioconductor package for streamlining the interpretation of RNA-seq data | BMC Bioinformatics

1. Van den Berge K, Hembach KM, Soneson C, Tiberi S, Clement L, Love MI, Patro R, Robinson MD. RNA sequencing data: Hitchhikers guide to expression analysis. Annu Rev Biomed Data Sci. 2019;2(1):139–73. doi.org/10.1146/annurev-biodatasci-072018-021255. Article  Google Scholar  2. Conesa A, Madrigal P, Tarazona S, Gomez-Cabrero D, Cervera A, McPherson A,…

Continue Reading GeneTonic: an R/Bioconductor package for streamlining the interpretation of RNA-seq data | BMC Bioinformatics

Valine tRNA levels and availability regulate complex I assembly in leukaemia

1. Rapino, F. et al. Codon-specific translation reprogramming promotes resistance to targeted therapy. Nature 558, 605–609 (2018). CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar  2. Goodarzi, H. et al. Modulated expression of specific tRNAs drives gene expression and cancer progression. Cell 165, 1416–1427 (2016). CAS  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar  3. Wolfe, A….

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Microarray analysis and functional prediction of differentially expressed circular RNAs in acquired middle ear cholesteatoma | BioMedical Engineering OnLine

1. Castle JT. Cholesteatoma pearls: practical points and update. Head Neck Pathol. 2018;12(3):419–29. Article  Google Scholar  2. Xie S, Wang X, Ren J, Liu W. The role of bone resorption in the etiopathogenesis of acquired middle ear cholesteatoma. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2017;274(5):2071–8. Article  Google Scholar  3. Bhutta MF, Williamson IG,…

Continue Reading Microarray analysis and functional prediction of differentially expressed circular RNAs in acquired middle ear cholesteatoma | BioMedical Engineering OnLine

Genome-wide identification of enhancers and transcription factors regulating the myogenic differentiation of bovine satellite cells | BMC Genomics

1. Yin H, Price F, Rudnicki MA. Satellite cells and the muscle stem cell niche. Physiol Rev. 2013;93(1):23–67. CAS  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar  2. Hoppeler H, Fluck M. Plasticity of skeletal muscle mitochondria: structure and function. Med Sci Sport Exer. 2003;35(1):95–104. CAS  Google Scholar  3. Astruc T: Carcass Composition,…

Continue Reading Genome-wide identification of enhancers and transcription factors regulating the myogenic differentiation of bovine satellite cells | BMC Genomics

Very important pharmacogene variants in the Blang population

Introduction The use of drugs should be different among diverse ethnic groups because of differences in ethnicity, age, sex, environmental factors and genetic factors. If these differences are ignored, then drug sensitivity, metabolic rate, and adverse reactions are affected, which influences the curative effect of drugs and aggravates the illness…

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Establishment of sunitinib-resistant CDX model of ccRCC

Introduction Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) accounts for approximately 2–3% of all malignant tumors, and its prevalence is rising. Metastatic RCC accounts for 25–30% of all RCC cases, and has an exceedingly poor prognosis.1 In 2020, among approximately 430,000 newly discovered cases of RCC, 179,000 died.2 Clear cell renal cell carcinoma…

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Lecturer in Data Science job with VICTORIA UNIVERSITY OF WELLINGTON

Do you hold a PhD in Data Science or a relevant field? Are you someone with good interpersonal and communication skills? Do you have expertise in teaching and spent some years as a Postdoc/Research Fellow? Mō Te Herenga Waka – About our University Te Herenga Waka…

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Chitosan Nanoparticles for Antiviral Drug Delivery

Introduction According to research conducted in many labs in the field of nanotechnology, particularly in nanomedicine, it appears that nanotechnology and nanomedicine should play an active role in treating and preventing the spread of Coronavirus Infectious Disease-19 (COVID-19).1–6 Polymeric nanoparticles, such as chitosan NPs,7 are one of the possibilities available…

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Towards the biogeography of prokaryotic genes

1. Sunagawa, S. et al. Structure and function of the global ocean microbiome. Science 348, 1261359 (2015). PubMed  Google Scholar  2. Zou, Y. et al. 1,520 reference genomes from cultivated human gut bacteria enable functional microbiome analyses. Nat. Biotechnol. 37, 179–185 (2019). CAS  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar  3. Mohammad,…

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Recombinase Polymerase Amplification/Cas12a-Based Identification of Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni on Peach

doi: 10.3389/fpls.2021.740177. eCollection 2021. Affiliations Expand Affiliations 1 Key Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Biology, Ministry of Education, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China. 2 Hubei Key Laboratory of Plant Pathology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China. Free PMC article Item in Clipboard Mei Luo et al. Front Plant Sci. 2021. Free PMC article…

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Chloroplast genome sequencing based on genome skimming for identification of Eriobotryae Folium | BMC Biotechnology

1. Jiang P, Shi FX, Li MR, Liu B, Wen J, Xiao HX, et al. Positive selection driving cytoplasmic genome evolution of the medicinally important ginseng plant genus Panax. Front Plant Sci. 2018;9:359. doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2018.00359. Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar  2. Takeshi T, Marouane B, Takuya I, Kazusato O, Kimiko…

Continue Reading Chloroplast genome sequencing based on genome skimming for identification of Eriobotryae Folium | BMC Biotechnology

Prognosis Biomarkers via WGCNA in HCC

Introduction According to the cancer statistics reported in 2020, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the main type of Primary Carcinoma of the Liver and the second leading causes of cancer-related death globally, with a five-year survival rate < 20%.1 Currently, surgical resection, a standard therapy for HCC, contributes to the prognosis…

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Twin Prime Editing Promises More Precise DNA Changes Without Double-Strand Breaks

NEW YORK – Researchers at the Broad Institute have developed a new prime editing method that allows for more precise replacement or excision of DNA sequences at endogenous human genomic sites, without the need for double-strand DNA breaks (DSBs). In a paper published on Thursday in Nature Biotechnology, researchers led…

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Frontiers | The cGAS-STING Pathway: A Promising Immunotherapy Target

Introduction Invaded by exogenous or endogenous pathogens, the host immune system will be activated accordingly to resist harm and maintain homeostasis, which includes innate immunity and adaptive immunity. As the first line of host immune defense, innate immunity plays a critical role in recognizing extracellular and intracellular pathogens (1, 2)….

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Ethnic Diversity of DPD activity and the DPYD Gene

Plain Language Summary Fluoropyrimidine (FP; 5-FU, capecitabine) is a common chemotherapy used to treat many different cancers, including cancer of the colon and rectum, upper digestive tract, breast and head and neck. Cancer patients who receive FP chemotherapy are at risk of developing severe side effects from their treatment. A…

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Identification of Hub Genes in Patients with Alzheimer Disease and Obs

Introduction Alzheimer’s disease (AD) ranks first among the common dementia type of the world. According to epidemiological investigation from the International Alzheimer’s disease association, about 45 million people has been suffered from AD, and the number is expected to increase to 131 million in 2050.1 Despite the widespread prevalence of…

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Identification of lipid metabolism-associated gene signature

Background Female breast cancer has surpassed lung cancer as the most commonly diagnosed cancer. Despite the dramatic improvement in breast cancer prognosis due to recent therapeutic advances, such as more effective adjuvant and neo-adjuvant chemotherapies, together with more radical and safer surgery, advances in early diagnosis and treatment over the…

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This is an official PyTorch implementation of “Contrastive Learning from Extremely Augmented Skeleton Sequences for Self-supervised Action Recognition” in AAAI2022.

This is an official PyTorch implementation of “Contrastive Learning from Extremely Augmented Skeleton Sequences for Self-supervised Action Recognition” in AAAI2022. Example for unsupervised pre-training of 3s-AimCLR. You can change some settings of .yaml files in config/ntu60/pretext folder. # train on NTU RGB+D xview joint stream $ python main.py pretrain_aimclr –config…

Continue Reading This is an official PyTorch implementation of “Contrastive Learning from Extremely Augmented Skeleton Sequences for Self-supervised Action Recognition” in AAAI2022.

miRNAs and mRNAs in intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury

Introduction Intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (II/R) injury is a severe clinical complication common in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). It is associated with high morbidity and mortality.1 Usually, this problem is followed by various causes, including sepsis, shock, trauma, and so on.2 Intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury destroys intestinal tissue and impairs the function…

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Orthogonal genome-wide screens of bat cells identify MTHFD1 as a target of broad antiviral therapy

Orthogonal genome-wide screens of bat cells identify MTHFD1 as a target of broad antiviral therapy Danielle E. Anderson, Jin Cui, Qian Ye, Baoying Huang, Ya Tan, Chao Jiang, Wenhong Zu, Jing Gong, Weiqiang Liu, So Young Kim, Biao Guo Yan, Kristmundur Sigmundsson, Xiao Fang Lim, Fei Ye, Peihua Niu, Aaron…

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Biostatistics student named semifinalist for genetics research award

HERSHEY, Pa. — The American Society of Human Genetics (ASHG) has selected Chen Wang, a graduate student from Penn State’s doctoral program in bioinformatics and genomics, as a predoctoral semifinalist for the 2021 Charles J. Epstein Trainee Awards for Excellence in Human Genetics Research. Final awardees will be announced virtually…

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Selection of DNA Aptamers Recognizing EpCAM-Positive Prostate Cancer b

Introduction Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the most common genitourinary system malignant tumor in men worldwide. In Asian countries, many patients with PCa are often diagnosed at an advanced stage maybe mostly because of a large population base with relatively backward economic development and imperfect cancer screening system of…

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cLOD May Provide More Accurate Evaluation of Cell-Free DNA in Multi-Cancer Early Detection

Clinical limit of detection may be a reasonable metric for evaluating cell-free DNA for multi-cancer early detection. Clinical limit of detection (cLOD) may be a reasonable metric for evaluating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) for multi-cancer early detection, according to recent data from the Circulating Cell-Free Genome Atlas (CCGA) study (NCT02889978). In…

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Genomic features of a carbapenem-resistant K. oxytoca strain

Introduction Antimicrobial resistance is a global issue associated with an increased and often unrestricted antibiotic use in clinical settings, which leads to the dissemination of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales (CRE) in healthcare facilities (World Health Organization, 2017).1 CRE constitutes a large group of bacteria with different mechanisms for drug resistance. Among them,…

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Shen Bin/Lou Xin team achieves efficient and accurate editing of zebrafish mitochondrial DNA

Mitochondrial diseases are a major genetic disease. The prevalence rate among newborns in the United States is about 1 in 5000. China currently lacks complete epidemiological data on mitochondrial diseases. At present, nearly 300 genes that cause mitochondrial diseases are known, including both mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) coding and nuclear DNA…

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Identification of Prognosis-Associated Biomarkers in Thyroid Carcinoma

Introduction Thyroid cancer (TC) is a common endocrine malignancy with a rapidly increasing incidence worldwide, and the estimated new cases and deaths are notably higher in women than in men.1 Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is identified as the most common pathological type of TC, and accounts for approximately 80–85% of…

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Structural basis for mismatch surveillance by CRISPR/Cas9

Abstract The widespread use of CRISPR/Cas9 as a programmable genome editing tool has been hindered by off-target DNA cleavage (Cong et al., 2013; Doudna, 2020; Fu et al., 2013; Jinek et al., 2013). While analysis of such off-target editing events have enabled the development of Cas9 variants with greater discrimination…

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Sports Field Breeding Gets a Boost

University of Oklahoma Gaylord Family Oklahoma Memorial Stadium, located in Norman, Oklahoma. Source: Pure Seed Mowing down the competition takes effort, but breeding turfgrass for athletic fields brings a new, creative challenge to the industry. Attitudes about the appropriate playing surface for athletic fields have evolved in recent years, resulting…

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Mutational Analysis of Mitochondrial tRNA Genes

Introduction Diabetes is a very complex disease characterized by the presence of chronic hyperglycemia. Clinically, insulin-dependent type 1 and non-insulin-dependent type 2 are the main types of diabetes. Among them, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM, [MIM125853]) is a common endocrine disorder affecting approximately 10% of adult population.1 In most cases,…

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Classifiers for predicting coronary artery disease

Introduction Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a complex pathology associated with behavioral and environmental factors.1–3 CAD shows high prevalence and is associated with a high fatality rate among cardiovascular diseases. The main manifestations of CAD are stable or unstable angina pectoris and identifiable or unrecognized myocardial infarction.4 The main risk…

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New research provides an additional overview of optimistic reasons related to heart regeneration

CRISPR / Cas9 Wls knockdown in cardiomyocytes promotes cardiac fibroblast proliferation during neonatal cardiac regeneration. Green indicates vimentin-positive cardiac fibroblasts. Red indicates cells that are proliferating with the EdU label. Blue indicates nuclei with DAPI staining. Credit: Texas Heart Institute Texas Heart Institute has new research from its abundant cardiomyocyte…

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bioinformatics scientist – Besto

Bioinformatics Scientist Agexplorer Com . Learning Bioinformatics The Scientist Magazine . Bioinformatics Scientist . Bioinformatics Scientist . Learning Bioinformatics The Scientist Magazine . What Does A Bioinformatics Scientist Do . Bioinformatics Understanding Of Living Systems Through . Next Generation Bioinformatics Advaita Bioinformatics . Bioinformatics Scientist Science Engineering Career . Bioinformatics…

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Next Generation Sequencing in tissues: Fully in situ methods

Here, Synthetic Biology Platform Lead at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering, Richie Kohman, continues exploring the breakthroughs of Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) Exploring the locations and identities of RNA within biological tissues can uncover important information about cell types and states as well as give insight into cellular…

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Genomic and phenotypic characteristics for Vibrio vulnificus

Background Fisheries and aquaculture are becoming increasingly intensive to meet recent human consumption, resulting in proliferation of marine pathogens and food security concerns.1,2 Vibrio species, as one of the most dangerous foodborne pathogens, cause vibriosis in human around the world.3 It has been reported that vibriosis resulted in 80,000 illnesses…

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Comparative genomic analysis of Methanimicrococcus blatticola provides insights into host adaptation in archaea and the evolution of methanogenesis

1. Hackstein JH, Stumm CK. Methane production in terrestrial arthropods. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 1994;91:5441–5. CAS  PubMed  PubMed Central  Article  Google Scholar  2. Hackstein JHP, van Alen TA. Fecal methanogens and vertebrate evolution. Evolution. 1996;50:559–72. PubMed  Article  PubMed Central  Google Scholar  3. Borrel G, McCann A, Deane J, Neto…

Continue Reading Comparative genomic analysis of Methanimicrococcus blatticola provides insights into host adaptation in archaea and the evolution of methanogenesis

J&J jab cuts risk by half; South Africa registers 5,372…

A mine worker receives a dose of the Pfizer-BioNTech Covid-19 vaccine at Anglo American Platinum’s Tumela mine in Amandelbult, South Africa, on Thursday, 12 August 2021. (Photo: Waldo Swiegers / Bloomberg via Getty Images) South Africa registered 5,372 new Covid-19 cases, bringing the cumulative total to 2,829,435. A further 282…

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Dual Targeting of CDKN2A and PIK3CA May Offer Better Outcomes in Urothelial Carcinoma

Genomic testing varies in the academic and community setting. For community settings, commercial panels are available. However, academic settings have access to tools that provide a more comprehensive views of the genome. Investigators used patient-derived UC organoid (PDO) harboring FGFR3, PIK3CA, and CDKN2A mutations. Dose-response curves of alpelisib (Piqray), abemaciclib…

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Widespread coexistence of self-compatible and self-incompatible phenotypes in a diallelic self-incompatibility system in Ligustrum vulgare (Oleaceae)

Arista M, Berjano R, Viruel J, Ortiz MÁ, Talavera M, Ortiz P (2017) Uncertain pollination environment promotes the evolution of a stable mixed reproductive system in the self-incompatible Hypochaeris salzmanniana (Asteraceae). Ann Bot 120(3):447–456 CAS  PubMed  PubMed Central  Article  Google Scholar  Barrett SC (2019) ‘A most complex marriage arrangement’: recent…

Continue Reading Widespread coexistence of self-compatible and self-incompatible phenotypes in a diallelic self-incompatibility system in Ligustrum vulgare (Oleaceae)

Gene expression profiling of contralateral dorsal root gangl

Introduction Mirror-image pain (MIP) is a mysterious pain phenomenon which is accompanied with many clinical pain conditions.1 MIP develops from the healthy body region which is contralateral to the actual injured site.1–3 MIP is typically characterized by increased mechanical hypersensitivity on the uninjured mirror-image body side.4 It can be triggered…

Continue Reading Gene expression profiling of contralateral dorsal root gangl

Loss of gene linked to differences in brain size

The work, from the Wellcome Sanger Institute, the French Institute of Health and Medical Research (Inserm), the University of Bourgogne Franche-Comté, and Beijing Genomics Institute (BGI)-Shenzhen, found that when there was a loss-of-function mutation in the mouse gene Magee2, it led to adult male mice having slightly enlarged brains. When…

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Single cell DNA sequencing reveals punctuated and gradual clonal evolution in hepatocellular carcinoma

Footnotes Grant support This work is jointly supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (82173035, 81802813,82030079, 81972656, 81988101, and 81902401), the National Science and Technology Major Project of China (2018ZX10723204), the Michigan Medicine and Peking University Health Science Center Joint Institute for Translational and Clinical Research (BMU2020JI005), Natural Science…

Continue Reading Single cell DNA sequencing reveals punctuated and gradual clonal evolution in hepatocellular carcinoma

The Point of Base Editors: Correcting Point Mutations

Some genome editing systems are highly conspicuous. They introduce double-strand breaks to DNA that attract the attention of cellular mechanisms such as nonhomologous end joining and homology-directed repair. If a genome editing system is so brash as to attempt a sizable insertion of new DNA, homology-directed repair must ensure that…

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CRISPR-Based Therapeutics Blaze an In Vivo Path to the Clinic

Therapeutic applications of genome editing were envisioned at least as early as the mid-1990s, when the first sequence-specific genome editing technologies emerged. Initially, such applications were considered distant prospects, but by 2012, they suddenly seemed near to hand. It was at that time that CRISPR technologies emerged. CRISPR, which stands…

Continue Reading CRISPR-Based Therapeutics Blaze an In Vivo Path to the Clinic

Gene mutation analysis in papillary thyroid carcinoma

Introduction Thyroid tumors are the most common malignant tumors of the endocrine system, and their incidence has been increasing in the recent decades. Currently, there are some target drugs that can effectively treat PTC, and next-generation sequencing (NGS) can be used for targeted therapy. In order to make better informed…

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Modification of endoglin-targeting nanoliposomes | IJN

Introduction Today, malignant tumors (cancer) still severely imperil human health and cause millions of global mortality rates.1,2 Deep-seated solid tumors are challenging to cure by most therapeutic tools, mainly blamed on the complex tumor microenvironment (TME).3,4 Adoptive cell therapy (ACT), as one of the effective immunotherapeutic means for cancer treatment,…

Continue Reading Modification of endoglin-targeting nanoliposomes | IJN

Frontiers | DNA Methylation and RNA-Sequencing Analysis Show Epigenetic Function During Grain Filling in Foxtail Millet (Setaria italica L.)

Introduction Gene expression is not only controlled by DNA sequences but also by epigenetic marks in eukaryotes. DNA methylation as one of the important epigenetic modifications has been demonstrated as closely related to gene expression in biological processes, such as transcriptional activity, developmental regulation, and environmental responses (Maunakea et al.,…

Continue Reading Frontiers | DNA Methylation and RNA-Sequencing Analysis Show Epigenetic Function During Grain Filling in Foxtail Millet (Setaria italica L.)

Scientists Harness Human Protein To Deliver RNA Molecular Medicines to Cells

A fully assembled SEND package is released from the cells and collected for gene therapy. Credit: McGovern Institute Programmable systems, made up of components found in the human body, are a step towards safer targeting and delivery of genetic editing and other targeted therapies. Researchers from MIT, MIT’s McGovern Institute…

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Emergence of the Coexistence of mcr-1, blaNDM-5, and blaCTX-M-55 in Kl

Introduction Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) is an opportunistic pathogen and the leading cause of healthcare-associated infections.1 Multidrug-resistant (MDR) K. pneumoniae isolates are rapidly spreading, thus limiting the choice of antimicrobial agents for empiric treatment of infections caused by these microorganisms; hence, this is a public health challenge.2 Polymyxins are last-resort…

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Nuclear protein in testis carcinoma

Introduction Nuclear protein in testis (NUT) carcinoma (NC) is defined by the rearrangement of the chromosomal region 15q14 harboring the NUTM1 gene. As a clinically aggressive neoplasm with poor differentiation, NC was previously believed to occur primarily in children and young adolescents. However, with an increasing number of reports, middle-aged…

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Infective endocarditis caused by ESBL-EC

Tsuneaki Kenzaka,1,2 Yuto Shinkura,1 Shizuo Kayama,3– 5 Liansheng Yu,3– 5 Sayoko Kawakami,3 Motoyuki Sugai,3– 5 Satoru Kawasaki1 1Department of Internal Medicine, Hyogo Prefectural Tamba Medical Center, Tanba, Japan; 2Division of Community Medicine and Career Development, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan; 3Antimicrobial Resistance Research Center, National Institute of…

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Prevalence and Molecular Characteristics Based on Whole Genome Sequenc

Introduction Tuberculosis, caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, remains one of the top 10 causes of death worldwide and the leading cause of death from a single infectious agent (ranking above HIV/AIDS).1 In 2020, World Health Organization (WHO) reported that 7.1 million people with tuberculosis were newly diagnosed and notified in 2019,…

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Integrated bioinformatics analysis to identify abnormal CC

Introduction In recent years, the morbidity and mortality of colon cancer have increased rapidly, both being ranked fourth worldwide. Although surgery-based comprehensive treatments improve the prognosis of colon cancer, because of the lack of available means for early diagnosis, the mortality level remains high for patients with advanced-stage cancer. The…

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Plasmid-Encoded VIM-2-pProducing Pseudomonas stutzeri | IDR

Introduction Pseudomonas stutzeri is an aerobic, nonfermenting, active, Gram-negative oxidase-positive bacterium with unique colony morphology.1,2 Burri and Stutzer first described it in 1985,3 and the specific metabolic properties, such as denitrification, degradation of aromatic compounds, and nitrogen fixation, distinguish it from other pseudomonads species.2,4 Historically, P. stutzeri was not commonly…

Continue Reading Plasmid-Encoded VIM-2-pProducing Pseudomonas stutzeri | IDR