Tag: ScienceDaily

Study illustrates conservation of immune system’s cell death mechanisms originating billions of years ago in single-celled organisms. — ScienceDaily

The human immune system, that marvel of complexity, subtlety, and sophistication, includes a billion-year-old family of proteins used by bacteria to defend themselves against viruses, scientists at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and in Israel have discovered. The findings, published online today by the journal Science, are the latest in a growing…

Continue Reading Study illustrates conservation of immune system’s cell death mechanisms originating billions of years ago in single-celled organisms. — ScienceDaily

Immuno-CRISPR assay could help diagnose kidney transplant rejection early on — ScienceDaily

When a patient receives a kidney transplant, doctors carefully monitor them for signs of rejection in several ways, including biopsy. However, this procedure is invasive and can only detect issues at a late stage. Now, researchers reporting in ACS’ Analytical Chemistry have developed a CRISPR-based assay that can sensitively and…

Continue Reading Immuno-CRISPR assay could help diagnose kidney transplant rejection early on — ScienceDaily

Doctoral student finds alternative cell option for organs-on-chips — ScienceDaily

Organ-on-a-chip technology has provided a push to discover new drugs for a variety of rare and ignored diseases for which current models either don’t exist or lack precision. In particular, these platforms can include the cells of a patient, thus resulting in patient-specific discovery. As an example, even though sickle…

Continue Reading Doctoral student finds alternative cell option for organs-on-chips — ScienceDaily

New biosensors shine a light on CRISPR gene editing — ScienceDaily

Detecting the activity of CRISPR gene editing tools in organisms with the naked eye and an ultraviolet flashlight is now possible using technology developed at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Scientists demonstrated these real-time detection tools in plants and anticipate their use in animals, bacteria and fungi…

Continue Reading New biosensors shine a light on CRISPR gene editing — ScienceDaily

Burrowing snakes have far worse eyesight than their ancestors — ScienceDaily

The ancestor of all living snakes probably had substantially better vision than present-day burrowing snakes, according to new research. An international team of scientists — led by the Natural History Museum and the University of Plymouth — carried out the first detailed analysis of gene sequence data for any species…

Continue Reading Burrowing snakes have far worse eyesight than their ancestors — ScienceDaily

Protein interaction induces inflammation in the brain — ScienceDaily

Just as a home security system can alert a homeowner to the presence of an intruder, a protein called polyglutamine binding protein-1 (PQBP1) found in brain cells can alert the body to the presence of “intruding” viruses like human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Now, researchers in Japan have shed new light…

Continue Reading Protein interaction induces inflammation in the brain — ScienceDaily

Stem cell study paves way for manufacturing cultured meat — ScienceDaily

Scientists have for the first time obtained stem cells from livestock that grow under chemically defined conditions, paving the way for manufacturing cell cultured meat and breeding enhanced livestock. Researchers from the University of Nottingham’s School of Biosciences, together with colleagues at the Universities of Cambridge, Exeter Tokyo and Meiji…

Continue Reading Stem cell study paves way for manufacturing cultured meat — ScienceDaily

In mouse study, rewired cells automatically release biologic drug in response to inflammation — ScienceDaily

With a goal of developing rheumatoid arthritis therapies with minimal side effects, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have genetically engineered cells that, when implanted in mice, will deliver a biologic drug in response to inflammation. The engineered cells reduced inflammation and prevented a type of…

Continue Reading In mouse study, rewired cells automatically release biologic drug in response to inflammation — ScienceDaily

Gene editing could render mosquitoes infertile, reducing disease spread — ScienceDaily

Mosquitoes spread viruses that cause potentially deadly diseases such as Zika, dengue fever and yellow fever. New U.S. Army-funded research uses gene editing to render certain male mosquitoes infertile and slow the spread of these diseases. Researchers at the Army’s Institute for Collaborative Biotechnologies and the University of California Santa…

Continue Reading Gene editing could render mosquitoes infertile, reducing disease spread — ScienceDaily

Mutated enzyme weakens connection between brain cells that help control movement — ScienceDaily

In one type of a rare, inherited genetic disorder that affects control of body movement, scientists have found a mutation in an enzyme impairs communication between neurons and what should be the inherent ability to pick up our pace when we need to run, instead of walk, across the street….

Continue Reading Mutated enzyme weakens connection between brain cells that help control movement — ScienceDaily

Genome-editing strategy developed for potential Alzheimer’s disease therapy — ScienceDaily

An international research team led by scientists from the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST) has developed a novel strategy using brain-wide genome-editing technology that can reduce Alzheimer’s disease (AD) pathologies in genetically modified AD mouse models. This advanced technology offers immense potential to be translated as a…

Continue Reading Genome-editing strategy developed for potential Alzheimer’s disease therapy — ScienceDaily